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Argument: The relevance of causes of sexual orientation to policy is dubious

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Supporting evidence

"Legal Recognition of Same-Sex Relationships in the United States : A social science perspective." American Psychologist. 2006: "In terms of sexual development, discussions sometimes focus on whether the children of lesbian, gay, or bisexual parents are disproportionately likely to experience same-sex erotic attractions or to identify as gay. The relevance of this question to policy is dubious because homosexuality is neither an illness nor a disability, and the mental health professions do not regard a homosexual or bisexual orientation as harmful, undesirable, or requiring intervention or prevention."

"Resolution on Appropriate Affirmative Responses to Sexual Orientation Distress and Change Efforts" American Psychological Association. 2009: "The longstanding consensus of the behavioral and social sciences and the health and mental health professions is that homosexuality per se is a normal and positive variation of human sexual orientation (Bell, Weinberg & Hammersmith, 1981; Bullough, 1976; Ford & Beach 1951 ; Kinsey, Pomeroy, & Martin, 1948; Kinsey, Pomeroy, Martin, & Gebhard, 1953). Homosexuality per se is not a mental disorder (APA, 1975)."

"Affidavit - United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts" Gregory M. Herek, Ph.D. 2009: "Mainstream mental health professionals and researchers have long recognized that homosexuality is a normal expression of human sexuality. Like heterosexuals, the vast majority of gay and lesbian people function well in society and in their interpersonal relationships. Such functioning includes the capacity to form a healthy and mutually satisfying intimate relationship with another person of the same sex and to raise healthy and well-adjusted children. Being gay or lesbian bears no inherent relation to a person’s ability to perform, contribute to, or participate in society, and poses no inherent obstacle to leading a happy, healthy, and productive life."

"Submission to the Church of England’s Listening Exercise on Human Sexuality." Royal College of Psychiatrists. 2007: "There is now a large body of research evidence that indicates that being gay, lesbian or bisexual is compatible with normal mental health and social adjustment."


"Australian Psychological Society : Sexual orientation and homosexuality" Australial Psychological Society. 2010: "Psychologists, psychiatrists and other mental health professionals agree that homosexuality is not an illness, mental disorder or emotional problem. However negative attitudes towards homosexuality can result in gay and lesbian people having negative thoughts about themselves, which can result in emotional and/or social problems.

In the past, homosexuality was thought to be a mental illness because mental health professionals and society had biased information about homosexuality. Most of that information came from studies that only involved lesbians and gay men undergoing therapy for problems. When researchers examined data about gay people who were not in therapy, the idea that homosexuality was a mental illness was found to be untrue."

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