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Argument: Children do better with mother and father role models

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*[[Debate: Gay marriage]] *[[Debate: Gay marriage]]
*[[Debate: Gay adoption]] *[[Debate: Gay adoption]]
-==Supporting evidence==+==Supporting quotations==
-[http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oe-blankenhorn19-2008sep19,0,2093869.story David Blankenhorn. "Protecting marriage to protect children." LA Times. September 19, 2008]: "Marriage is society's most pro-child institution. In 2002 -- just moments before it became highly unfashionable to say so -- a team of researchers from Child Trends, a nonpartisan research center, reported that "family structure clearly matters for children, and the family structure that helps children the most is a family headed by two biological parents in a low-conflict marriage." +Refuted by scientific research:
-All our scholarly instruments seem to agree: For healthy development, what a child needs more than anything else is the mother and father who together made the child, who love the child and love each other." +"The research on which opponents to
 +marriage of same-sex couples rely, look at the functioning of children in intact families with
 +heterosexual parents compared to those children raised by a single parent following divorce or
 +death of a spouse. They do not include studies that compare the functioning of children raised by
 +heterosexual couples with the functioning of children raised by same-sex couples. In this group of
 +studies, any differences observed are more accurately attributable to the effects of death or
 +divorce, and/or to the effects of living with a single parent, rather than to parents’ sexual
 +orientation. '''These studies do not tell us that the children of same-sex parents in an intact
 +relationship fair worse than the children of opposite-sex parents in an intact relationship.''' The CPA recognizes and appreciates that persons and institutions are entitled to their opinions and
 +positions on this issue. However, '''CPA is concerned that some are mis-interpreting the findings of
 +psychological research to support their positions''', when their positions are more accurately based
 +on other systems of belief or values."
 +http://www.cpa.ca/cpasite/userfiles/Documents/Marriage%20of%20Same-Sex%20Couples%20Position%20Statement%20-%20October%202006%20%281%29.pdf
 +"When comparing the outcomes of different forms of parenting, '''it is critically important to make appropriate comparisons.''' For example, differences resulting from the number of parents in a household cannot be attributed to the parents’ gender or sexual orientation. Research in households with heterosexual parents generally indicates that – all else being equal – children do better with two parenting figures rather than just one. The specific research studies typically cited in this regard do not address parents’ sexual orientation, however, and therefore '''do not permit any conclusions to be drawn about the consequences of having heterosexual versus nonheterosexual parents, or two parents who are of the same versus different genders.''' Indeed, the scientific research that has directly compared outcomes for children with gay and lesbian parents with outcomes for children with heterosexual parents has been remarkably consistent in showing that lesbian and gay parents are every bit as fit and capable as heterosexual parents, and their children are as psychologically healthy and well-adjusted as children reared by heterosexual parents. Empirical research over the past two decades has failed to find any meaningful differences in the parenting ability of lesbian and gay parents compared to heterosexual parents. '''Statements by the leading associations of experts in this area reflect professional consensus that children raised by lesbian or gay parents do not differ in any important respects from those raised by heterosexual parents. No credible empirical research suggests otherwise.''' It is the quality of parenting that predicts children’s psychological and social adjustment, not the parents’ sexual orientation or gender." http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courts/supreme/highprofile/documents/Amer_Psychological_Assn_Amicus_Curiae_Brief.pdf
-[http://www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/issues/NoTime.html Brad Sears & Alan Hirsch "Gay Marriage: Pro and Con" UCLA Law School's Williams Institute 11/26/03] - "The notion persists that gay couples make poor parents because they are inadequate [differentiated] role models. The new variation of the argument is suggested by the quotes [] from [] conservative pundits: Children need a parent of each gender to model appropriate behavior. In [the supreme court case] Goodridge, the state advanced this argument in opposition to same-sex marriage. Kristi Hamrick of the Family Research Council puts the point bluntly: 'A child needs a male role model and a female role model. These are not interchangeable puzzle pieces.'"+http://www.cpa.ca/cpasite/userfiles/Documents/Marriage of Same-Sex Couples Position Statement - October 2006 (1).pdf
- +
-[http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1082190/posts Adam Kolasinksi's, "The Secular Case Against Gay Marriage" 2/20/04]: "there is ample evidence (see, for example, David Popenoe's Life Without Father) that children need both a male and female parent for proper development. Unfortunately, small sample sizes and other methodological problems make it impossible to draw conclusions from studies that directly examine the effects of gay parenting. However, the empirically verified common wisdom about the importance of a mother and father in a child's development should give advocates of gay adoption pause. The differences between men and women extend beyond anatomy, so it is essential for a child to be nurtured by parents of both sexes if a child is to learn to function in a society made up of both sexes. Is it wise to have a scoial policy that encourages family arrangements that deny children such essentials? Gays are not necessarily bad parents, nor will they necessarily make their children gay, but they cannot provide a set of parents that includes both a male and a female."+
- +
-[http://www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/issues/NoTime.html Boston Globe columnist Jeff Jacoby warned in 2003] that the Massachusetts decision imperils "unique sex roles in family life."+
- +
-[http://www.law.ucla.edu/williamsinstitute/issues/NoTime.html Professor Douglas Kmiec, LA Times] - Children of gay parents miss "the benefits of child rearing by the distinct attributes of both father and mother."+
- +
-[http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1082190/posts David Popenoe: "Life Without Father: Compelling New Evidence That Fatherhood and Marriage Are Indispensable for the Good of Children and Society" (1996)]+
- +
-[http://www.ewtn.com/library/ISSUES/zssmenthel.HTM Dr. Rick Fitzgibbons of Catholic Medical Association 7/20/05 said that the Americans Psychiatric Association's 2005] call for the legalization of gay marriage "ignores the vast scholarship on the needs of children such as Henry Biller's 'Fathers and Families: Paternal Factors in Child Development,' which includes a bibliography of almost 1,000 separate articles or books on the positive effects of fathers on children."+
- +
- +
-[http://www.progressive.org/media_324 Christopher Ott. "Banning same-sex marriage would protect no one." Progressive.org. February 8, 2005]: "In 2002 -- just moments before it became highly unfashionable to say so -- a team of researchers from Child Trends, a nonpartisan research center, reported that 'family structure clearly matters for children, and the family structure that helps children the most is a family headed by two biological parents in a low-conflict marriage."+

Revision as of 20:52, 1 June 2010

Parent debates

Supporting quotations

Refuted by scientific research:

"The research on which opponents to marriage of same-sex couples rely, look at the functioning of children in intact families with heterosexual parents compared to those children raised by a single parent following divorce or death of a spouse. They do not include studies that compare the functioning of children raised by heterosexual couples with the functioning of children raised by same-sex couples. In this group of studies, any differences observed are more accurately attributable to the effects of death or divorce, and/or to the effects of living with a single parent, rather than to parents’ sexual orientation. These studies do not tell us that the children of same-sex parents in an intact relationship fair worse than the children of opposite-sex parents in an intact relationship. The CPA recognizes and appreciates that persons and institutions are entitled to their opinions and positions on this issue. However, CPA is concerned that some are mis-interpreting the findings of psychological research to support their positions, when their positions are more accurately based on other systems of belief or values." http://www.cpa.ca/cpasite/userfiles/Documents/Marriage%20of%20Same-Sex%20Couples%20Position%20Statement%20-%20October%202006%20%281%29.pdf

"When comparing the outcomes of different forms of parenting, it is critically important to make appropriate comparisons. For example, differences resulting from the number of parents in a household cannot be attributed to the parents’ gender or sexual orientation. Research in households with heterosexual parents generally indicates that – all else being equal – children do better with two parenting figures rather than just one. The specific research studies typically cited in this regard do not address parents’ sexual orientation, however, and therefore do not permit any conclusions to be drawn about the consequences of having heterosexual versus nonheterosexual parents, or two parents who are of the same versus different genders. Indeed, the scientific research that has directly compared outcomes for children with gay and lesbian parents with outcomes for children with heterosexual parents has been remarkably consistent in showing that lesbian and gay parents are every bit as fit and capable as heterosexual parents, and their children are as psychologically healthy and well-adjusted as children reared by heterosexual parents. Empirical research over the past two decades has failed to find any meaningful differences in the parenting ability of lesbian and gay parents compared to heterosexual parents. Statements by the leading associations of experts in this area reflect professional consensus that children raised by lesbian or gay parents do not differ in any important respects from those raised by heterosexual parents. No credible empirical research suggests otherwise. It is the quality of parenting that predicts children’s psychological and social adjustment, not the parents’ sexual orientation or gender." http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courts/supreme/highprofile/documents/Amer_Psychological_Assn_Amicus_Curiae_Brief.pdf

http://www.cpa.ca/cpasite/userfiles/Documents/Marriage of Same-Sex Couples Position Statement - October 2006 (1).pdf

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