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Debate: THBT hate speech should be a crime

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This House believes that hate speech should be a crime

Contents

Background and Context of Debate:

Four teenagers were arrested for attacking North Koreans and beating them in Vladivostok in December 2006. And it happened because hate speech against other nationalities made the people hostile to foreigners and in the end led to conflicts. According to the professor in international communications in Amsterdam Gees Hamelink: “Genocide never starts with one suddenly deciding to start killing people. The international community must bring perpetrators of hate speech to justice before actual killing takes place”. We fully agree with professor Hamelink that’s why we state resolved that: “Hate speech should be a crime”. Let’s first define the key words: • Hate speech – speech that is intended to insult an individual or group based on their sex, race, handicap, religion, sexual orientation, national and ethic origin, and is intended to convey hatred or contempt. • Hate crime – violence that is motivated by a bias against other races, sexes, handicaps, religions, sexual orientations and ethic origins.

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Does hate speech lead to crimes and violent actions?

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Yes

  • It’s easier to prevent a disease, than to cure it. Hate speech in many cases leads to violent actions against minorities, including their killing and also moral and psychological damage. Laws and punishment will prevent such actions. For example in Russia from 2005 – 2007 the number of hate crime increased by 6 times. And it’s only official statistics. Young neofascists organizations proclaim hatred to other nationalities and ethic groups, they wear symbols and special clothing, that unites them; and their hate speeches result in more young people joining these organizations. If we make h.s. a crime, it will prevent them from speaking publicly and it will decrease the number of people who will join such organizations, & it means, we will prevent the increase in hate speech & hate crime. Neofascists not only express their ideas orally, they proceed to violent actions. They beat and even kill foreign and ethnically different students studying in Russia. That’s why nowadays Putin and The government have proposed to introduce longer sentences for such actions and heavier fines for publishing racist and xenophobic material. So, if we decrease the number of hate crimes, we will improve the welfare of the society.


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No

  • Hate speech does not always leed to violent actions. As one South African writer said, that it,s beter to give chance to speak, when it's word. If we prohibite people to say there opinion, to express there emotions in this way, it can cause serious problems in future, by actions. So, if you give a person chance to speak - it stops on the level of words.
  • These laws are not necessary. In RF now is prohibited to drow svastica and the punishment is 5 prison yaers, but the number of svastica in public places incriced for 1,5%. In France 2002,law against hate speech created but the number of hate speech increaced in 2 times. In England 2003, law against hate speech increased in 2 times. In Netherlands 2004, law against hate speech created and the number of victims increased in 2 times. Laws are not working! In Wales, no punishment for 10 years. In Israel, 1 punishment for 8 years. And in South Ireland, there is no punishment for 21 years.


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Should hate speech be censored for the good of society?

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Yes

  • Hate speech may lead to conflicts and riots and in the end undermine stability in the society. For example in Rwanda, it lead to genocide 13 years ago, when Hutu(majority) killed 800.000 Tutsis in a FEW months. Before it, Hutus & Tutsis had lived in peace, speaking the same language & inter – marrying. Yet hate speech helped turn neighbors into enemies. Media campaign exaggerated their cultural differences. Hutu extremists through radio & TV announced that the Tutsis were subhuman traitors & called them ‘ cockroaches’. As a result, it led to genocide. According to professor Hamelink, if a hate campaign had been stopped at an early stage, future genocide could have been prevented. So, it could have prevented the war & poverty in the country. So we see, as soon as h.s. undermines stability & the welfare of the society, we should criminalize it. According to Rojer Erepa, h.s. does double harm. Firstly, it hurts individuals and groups, leading to physiological and moral damage. Secondly, it damages social and moral structure of the whole society. It’s this double harm that is stressed by the Supreme Court of Canada as s factor, justifying the existence of laws against h.s. in the country. Such laws also exist in Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and some other countries. So, if we protect the society from h.s. we will improve the stability of the society.
  • Even such things as computer games, cartoons and so on, if they contain offensive remarks against other groups, may lead hot only to conflicts within the country, but to international ones. For example, such computer games as “Intervention into Iran” and Danish cartoons of the Muhammad led to a new wave of terrorism in Europe. So, if we make h.s. a crime, we can bring tolerance to society. If we avoid such conflicts, we will improve social welfare.
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No

  • Laws against hate speech can be used in the political sphere. Politics will use such law to stabilize there position in the country. For example: Margaret Tetcher used simular laws to prove her authoritet in her country. It was studential demonstration against she. As a result - 4 students were arested and brought into prison for using HATE SP:EECH. So, why we need law, which is not working, which is used against people. And finally, contradicts WDHR. artical#20 says that each person have right for freedom of speech, expression. Why do we need such law? There is no answer. Moreover, politics can express there opinion and ideas in different way. For example Meer Kahane in Israel (he is a chairman in congress) exprest his ideas by h.s. But then law - and exprest the same ideas without h.s. So, the result is the same but the source.
  • The cartoons and computer games can't be the root cause of terrorist acts. Those who perpetrated these crimes just wanted a reason to justify their actions with. And it happened. Cartoons were just a point for them.It's the same as when the USA tried to find nuclear weapon in IRaq. That was not the actual cause, just an excuse. The same with cartoons. So, hate speech is not a cause of terrorist attacks.
  • We don't know where should the line be drawn with such a piece of legislation. When someone declares that all Arabs should be shot? When they say something politically insensitive like "Mohammed lied to all the moslems; there are only 2 virgins" or "Jesus was Gay" or "Communism only works in China because the Chinese work so hard"? Or perhaps when that piece of media is critical of the present government? The media should not be restricted from presenting an opinion. If someone decides to spout some ridiculous Ideas then they can easily be refuted by others.


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Is "Hate Speech" an important part of freedom of speech?

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Yes

  • If someone expresses hate speech in a society in which a response is allowed, then that hate speech, should it lack grounding, would be quickly demolished. But if we start restricting freedom of speech beyond direct incitement to violence, then we quickly reach a point where one group is forcing their opinions upon the other and not allowing those who disagree with them any say.
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No


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