Personal tools
 
Views

Debate: Should Colombia use Ecuadorian territory to fight the FARC?

From Debatepedia

Jump to: navigation, search
[Digg]
[reddit]
[Delicious]
[Facebook]

Should Columbia violate the sovereignty of a neighbor to fight the FARC?

Background and context

Growing out of the turmoil and fighting in the 1950s between liberal and conservative militias, the FARC was established in 1964 by the Colombian Communist Party to defend what were then autonomous Communist-controlled rural areas. The FARC is Latin America’s oldest, largest, most capable, and best-equipped insurgency of Marxist origin. Although only nominally fighting in support of Marxist goals today, the FARC is governed by a general secretariat led by longtime leader Manuel Marulanda (a.k.a. “Tirofi jo”) and six others, including senior military commander Jorge Briceno (a.k.a. “Mono Jojoy”). It is organized along military lines and includes several units that operate mostly in key urban areas such as Bogota. In 2003, the FARC conducted several high profile terrorist attacks, including a February car-bombing of a Bogota nightclub that killed more than 30 persons and wounded more than 160, as well as a November grenade attack in Bogota’s restaurant district that wounded three Americans. Activities Bombings, murder, mortar attacks, narcotrafficking, kidnapping, extortion, hijacking, as well as guerrilla and conventional military action against Colombian political, military, and economic targets. In March 1999, the FARC executed three US Indian rights activists on Venezuelan territory after it kidnapped them in Colombia. In February 2003, the FARC captured and continues to hold three US contractors and killed one other American and a Colombian when their plane crashed in Florencia. Foreign citizens often are targets of FARC kidnapping for ransom. The FARC has well-documented ties to the full range of narcotics trafficking activities, including taxation, cultivation, and distribution. Strength Approximately 9,000 to 12,000 armed combatants and several thousand more supporters, mostly in rural areas. Location/Area of Operation Colombia with some activities—extortion, kidnapping, logistics, and R&R—in Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador. External Aid Cuba provides some medical care and political consultation. A trial is currently underway in Bogota to determine whether three members of the Irish Republican Army—arrested in Colombia in 2001 upon exiting the FARC-controlled demilitarized zone (despeje)—provided advanced explosives training to the FARC. The FARC and the Colombian National Liberation Army (ELN) often use the border area for crossborder incursions and use Venezuelan territory near the border as a safehaven. Sources and Resources Colombia's Crossroads: The FARC and the Future of the Hostages by Virginia M. Bouvier, U.S. Institute of Peace, June 2008 High-Ranking Member of FARC Extradited to US on Drug Charges, Justice Department news release, March 10, 2005 High-Ranking FARC Member Extradited to US on Terrorism, Drug Charges, FBI news release, December 31, 2004 Patterns of Global Terrorism 2003 Report

[Edit]
[Delete Subquestion section]
[Add new subquestion section]
[Move subquestion section down]

Write Subquestion here...

[Add New]

Yes

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here

FARC thretening to regional stabiliy

Bombings, murder, mortar attacks, narcotrafficking, kidnapping, extortion, hijacking, as well as guerrilla and conventional military action against Colombian political, military, and economic targets. In March 1999, the FARC executed three US Indian rights activists on Venezuelan territory after it kidnapped them in Colombia. In February 2003, the FARC captured and continues to hold three US contractors and killed one other American and a Colombian when their plane crashed in Florencia. Foreign citizens often are targets of FARC kidnapping for ransom. The FARC has well-documented ties to the full range of narcotics trafficking activities, including taxation, cultivation, and distribution. Ecuador has given some help to Colombia. Mr Correa claimed that last year his forces dismantled 47 FARC camps inside Ecuador and on three occasions carried out joint operations with Colombian troops. American surveillance aircraft still patrol over Colombia from an air base in Ecuador. Mr Uribe said that he would denounce Mr Chávez for “financing genocide”; in return, Venezuela accused Colombia's police chief, who revealed the contents of Mr Reyes's laptop, of being a “drug trafficker”.




[Add New]

No

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here

1.Violation of UN resolution about national soverinity

Ecuadorean officials have long swapped complaints with their Colombian counterparts about their mutual inability to prevent the FARC from crossing the border. Ecuador claims to spend $160m a year containing the spillover. It is also angry about Colombia spraying coca fields on the border with weedkiller, which it says drifts south on to other crops. “This is...a microphone war,” said General Raúl Salazar, a former defence minister. Like many other Venezuelans, he doubts that it will become a real one. That is not least because many army officers do not want war with Colombia and find Mr Chávez's actions an “embarrassment”, said another former defence minister, General Raúl Baduel, who is now a prominent opponent of the president.





[Edit]
[Delete Subquestion section]
[Add new subquestion section]
[Move subquestion section down]
[Move subquestion section up]

Write Subquestion here...

[Add New]

Yes

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here

1.To fight with narcotraffik The FARC has well-documented ties to the full range of narcotics trafficking activities, including taxation, cultivation, and distribution.





[Add New]

No

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here

Aguments 2 . FARC IS DOMESTIC ISSUE OF COLOMBIA and to stop narcotraffic it is not nessesary to invade the territory of Equador. To fight narcotraffic the government could unite their forces with the activity of other neigboring countries and even international organisations and do it gradually and consitantly.




[Edit]
[Delete Subquestion section]
[Add new subquestion section]
[Move subquestion section up]

Write Subquestion here...

[Add New]

Yes

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here

1.to stop with kidnapping of political leaders The FARC had used a “demilitarised” zone created to host the talks as a base for recruitment and for kidnapping (many of the politicians it has held hostage were seized during the talks). The guerrillas had some 17,000 troops; they blocked main roads and bombarded small towns, kidnapping and killing almost at will. To make matters worse, the state's inability to provide security had spawned murderous right-wing paramilitary groups.





[Add New]

No

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here

To stop with kidnapping of political leaders government could fight at own territory and call for assitant from the government from the neiboring countries and from international organisations. It should provide preventive merges to protect journalists and political leaders from FARC kidnapping and organise a security protection to them.





External links

Problem with the site? 

Tweet a bug on bugtwits
.