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Debate: Fuel cell vehicles

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What are the pros and cons of fuel cell vehicles?

Background and context

A fuel cell vehicle (FCV) is a type of vehicle that uses a fuel cell in order to power itself by using fuel and an oxidant. Different types of materials can be used for fuel and oxidant.
For example, by using hydrogen as a fuel and oxygen as an oxident, one can create a hydrogen cell.

Some studies show that fuel cell vehicles are more effecient than conventional vehicles and have many other advantages, however many issues prevent countries and car companies from changing their technology.

An important advantage that FCVs hold is that they produce little to no pollutants as opposed to conventional vehicles relying on gasoline.

One reason why they can not do so, is that fuel cell vehicles generally depend on fuel in the form of hydrgoen or other such gases which can be changed through a reformer. While there are many gasoline stations today, there are few stations that supply hydrogen and the cost and time it takes to build them may be unfeasible in today's world.


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Technology: Is technology for fuel cell vehicles available on a large scale?

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Yes

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No

  • Scarcity and cost of platinum is limitation on fuel cell vehicles. The scarcity and cost of platinum, which is used as a catalyst in most proven fuel cell designs, severely limits a large scale deployment of present fuel cell vehicles. While platinum-free fuel cells are being investigated, they are still in rather premature state of development.
  • Is is difficult to produce enough hydrogen for all fuel cell vehicles. A massive quantity of hydrogen is required for fuel cell vehicles. Yet, such a massive industrial complex and infrastructure does not yet exist. And, it is limited by the difficulty in storing hydrogen, which will generally limit the viability of fuel cell vehicles moving forward.
  • Hydrogen infrastructure does not yet exist. A hydrogen infrastructure does not yet exist, and it faces many significant limitations, do to the expense of compressing and then transporting hydrogen. Starting from scratch in building an infrastructue of this kind is a major limitation to fuel cell vehicles.


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Economy/Cost: Can the world afford to change their transportation?

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Yes

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No

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Pro/con sources

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Yes


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No

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See also

External links and resources

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