Argument: UN set precedent for sanctioning Cuba over human rights violations
- (23) Article 39 of Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter provides that the United Nations Security Council `shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken . . ., to maintain or restore international peace and security.'.
- (24) The United Nations has determined that massive and systematic violations of human rights may constitute a `threat to peace' under Article 39 and has imposed sanctions due to such violations of human rights in the cases of Rhodesia, South Africa, Iraq, and the former Yugoslavia."