Argument: Nuclear abolition could not prevent covert nuclear programs
- Jeffrey Record, former staffer of the Senate Armed Services Committee. "Nuclear Deterrence, Preventive War, and Counterproliferation". Policy Analysis. July 8th, 2004 - "Neither the NPT nor U.S.-extended nuclear deterrence guarantees nonproliferation, however. Adherence to the NPT is voluntary; moreover, signatories, such as Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, can and have violated its provisions by pursuing covert nuclear weapons programs, and, in the case of North Korea, have simply withdrawn from the treaty. Indeed, it was the manifest deficiencies of the NPT regime—that is, the emergence of treaty-signatory rogue states seeking nuclear weapons—that prompted the United States to embrace the concept of counterproliferation in the early 1990s and preventive war against Iraq a decade later."