Argument: Needle exchanges are cost-effective HIV prevention
"Does HIV Needle Exchange Work?". Center for AIDS prevention studies. November 1998: "Is needle exchange cost-effective? Yes. The median annual budget for running a program was $169,000 in 1992. Mathematical models based on those data predict that needle exchanges could prevent HIV infections among clients, their sex partners, and offspring at a cost of about $9,400 per infection averted. 16 This is far below the $195,188 lifetime cost of treating an HIV-infected person at present. 17 A national program of NEPs would have saved up to 10,000 lives by 1995."