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Argument: Migrant policies and protections deserve greater coordination

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Global Commission on International Migration. "Creating Coherence: The Governance of International Migration.": "The governance of international migration should be enhanced by improved coherence and strengthened capacity at the national level; greater consultation and cooperation between states at the regional level, and more effective dialogue and cooperation among governments and between international organizations at the global level. Such efforts must be based on a better appreciation of the close linkages that exist between international migration and development and other key policy issues, including trade, aid, state security, human security and human rights.

1. As previous chapters have explained, international migration is a complex phenomenon. It is increasing in scale, affects almost every country in the world and takes place both within and between regions. International migration involves a diverse range of stakeholders that have different and sometimes confl icting interests, and is increasingly linked with other pressing global issues such as development, trade, human rights and security.

2. This complexity poses important challenges for the issue of governance, which the Commission on Global Governance (1995) has defined as “the sum of the many ways individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs. It is a continuing process through which confl icting or diverse interests may be accommodated and cooperative action taken.” In the domain of international migration, governance assumes a variety of forms, including the migration polices and programmes of individual countries, interstate discussions and agreements, multilateral fora and consultative processes, the activities of international organizations, as well as the laws and norms examined in the previous chapter.

3. National governance of international migration faces four particular challenges. The fi rst is a lack of coherence. This report has already recommended that migration should form an integral part of every country’s national economic and development plan – a recommendation that derives from the failure of many states to define clear objectives for their migration policies.

4. A second challenge is the coordination of policy-making and its implementation. In many states, responsibility for migration is divided between different ministries and coordination is often lacking. There is also often a lack of coordination between those ministries responsible for migration and those responsible for the related global issues mentioned at the beginning of this chapter. At the same time, inadequate consultation takes place between governments and other actors such as the corporate sector and civil society.

5. A third challenge is that of capacity. Most states recognize the importance of international [...]

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