Argument: Appointed judiciaries are more independent to check other branches
In Federalist 78, Alexander Hamilton argued for the independence of judges. He believed they should be appointed to serve "during good behavior" and insulated from the political process, as this helps them check the legislative and executive branches.
Justice Sandra Day O’Connor "[Judicial elections are] like nothing I’ve seen in my very long life. Judicial independence is a bedrock principle, and we’re losing it.”